Syllogism problems in reasoning hold immense significance in aptitude-based competitive exams. It tests your ability to analyze information, draw logical deductions, and make accurate conclusions. Mastering syllogism problems enables you to enhance your problem-solving skills and think critically. It is a key tool for success in these exams, allowing you to navigate through complex scenarios and arrive at the correct answers swiftly.

## Multiple Choice Questions

DIRECTIONS for questions: In the questions below, you will find some statements followed by conclusions: I, II, III, IV, V. You must assume that the given statements are true, even if they contradict commonly known facts. After reading the conclusions, you need to determine which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, without considering commonly known facts. (Syllogism problems in reasoning)

1. Statements: Some Cats are Rats. All bats are tables. All Rats are Bats.

Conclusion:

I. Some Cats are bats

II. All bats are rats

III. All tables are cats

IV. All bats are cats

Options:

A. Only I & II follow

B. Only II follows

C. Only I & IV follow

D. None of these

Solution: Option (D)

2. Statements: Most CPUs are keyboards. No keyboard is a Mouse. All Mouses are CPU.

Conclusion:

I. Some keyboards are CPU

II. All CPUs are Mouse

III. No Mouse is a keyboard

IV. Some Mouse are keyboard

Options: (Syllogism problems in reasoning)

A. Only I follows

B. Only II and III follow

C. Only I and III follow

D. Only II follows

Solution: Option (C)

3. Statements:

Some Short bones are flat bones.

All flat bones are long bones.

No long bones are irregular bones.

Conclusion:

I. All irregular bones being short bone is a possibility

II.  All short bones being long bones is a possibility

III.  All flat bones being short bones is a possibility

IV.  Some irregular bones are being flat bone is a possibility

Options: (Syllogism problems in reasoning)

A. Conclusion I does not follow

B. Conclusion II does not follow

C. Conclusion III does not follow

D. Conclusions I and II does not follow

E. Conclusions IV does not follow

Solution: Option (E)

4. Statements:

All orange are grapes

Some mango potato

No potato is grape

All apple are orange

Conclusion:

I. Some mango is not grape

II. Some Apple is not mango

III. No orange is potato

IV. No mango is orange

Options: (Syllogism problems in reasoning)

A. Conclusions II and III does not follow

B. Conclusion II does not follow

C. Conclusions II and IV does not follow

D. Conclusions IV does not follow

E. Conclusions III and IV does not follow

Solution: Option (C)

5. Statements:

Few Cards are Covers.

Few Covers are keyboards.

Few keyboards are alphabets.

Few alphabets are numbers.

Conclusion:

I. Few numbers are Cards.

II.Some alphabets are Covers.

III. Some keyboards are Cards.

IV. None Number is a card

Options: (Syllogism problems in reasoning)

A. Only I follow

B. Only I, III and IV follow

C. Only II follows

D. Only either I or IV follows

E. None of these

Solution: Option (D)

6. Statements:

Few cars are weights.

Every weight is steel.

Few steels are coppers.

Every coppers are bands.

Conclusion:

I. Few bands are cars.

II. Few weights are bands.

III. Few coppers are cars.

IV. Few steels are cars.

Options: (Syllogism problems in reasoning)

A. Only I and III follow

B. Only I and II follow

C. Only IV follows

D. Only II and IV follow

Solution: Option (C)

Directions (7-8): Read the following statements and conclusions. Assume all statements are true, even if they contradict common knowledge. Determine which conclusion does not logically follow from the given statements when considering all the statements together.

7. Statements:

Some stars are moon

All moon are apple

No Apple is earth

Some earth is result

All result is exam

Conclusion:

A. Some star is not earth

B. Some moon is not earth

C. Some earth are exam

D. All star being earth is a possibility

E. All earth being exam is a possibility.

Solution: Option (D)

8. Statements:

Some life is book

All book is page

No page is pen

Some pen is mobile

No mobile is network

Conclusion:

A. Some life is not pen.

B. All book being pen is a possibility

C. Some pen is not network

D. Some book is not pen

E. Some life is page

Solution: Option (B)

Directions (9-15): Read the statements carefully and decide which option is correct.

9. Statements:

Some apples are oranges

All oranges are bananas

All bananas are papayas

No papaya is a grape

Conclusion:

I. All apples being grapes is a possibility

II. All grapes being apple is a possibility

III. All oranges are papayas

IV. No orange is a grape

V. No grape is a banana

Options: (Syllogism problems in reasoning)

A. Only I does not follow

B. Only II does not follow

C. Only III does not follow

D. Only IV does not follow

E. Only V does not follow

Solution: Option (A)

10. Statements:

Each botany is Physics

All physics is Chemistry

Frequently botany is biology

No geology is biology

Conclusion:

I. Some botany which are biology are also physics

II. Some physics which are biology are also chemistry

III. Some botany which are physics are also geology is a possibility

IV. Some chemistry are not geology

Options: (Syllogism problems in reasoning)

A. Only I and III are does not follow

B. Only I and II are does not follow

C. Only II and IV are does not follow

D. Only I and either II or IV does not follow

E. None of these

Solution: Option (E)

11. Statements:

No stone is red

No red is flower

Some red are blue

Some blue are orange

Conclusions:

I. Some stones are not flower

II. All oranges are red

III. Some blue being stone is a possibility.

IV. No orange is flower is a possibility.

Options: (Syllogism problems in reasoning)

A. Only II and III follow

B. Only I and IV follow

C. Only II, III and IV follow

D. Only III and IV follow

E. None of these

Solution: Option (D)

12. Statements:

Some A is B

Some B is not C

All D are A

Conclusions:

I. Some A are not C

II. All D is B

III. Some D is B

IV. All A is C is a possibility

Options: (Syllogism problems in reasoning)

A. None follows

B. Only I follows

C. Either I or II follow

D. Only IV follow

E. Both I and II follow

Solution: Option (D)

13. Statements:

Some January is February

All January is April

All February is March

No March is June

Some January is May

Conclusion:

I. Some January which are May are also April

II. Some April which are February are also June is a possibility

III. Some May which are March are also April

IV. All February are April is a possibility

Options: (Syllogism problems in reasoning)

A. Only II and III are follows

B. Only I and IV are follows

C. Only I and III are follows

D. Only II follows

E. Only III follows

Solution: Option (B)

14. Statements:

Some Floors are Lanes.

All Floors are Seats.

No Lane is Junk

Conclusions:

I. All seats are Lanes is a possibility

II. All Roads are Floors is definitely true

III. At least some seats are Roads

IV. All Junks being a part of Lane is a possibility

V. Some seats are definitely not Junks

Options: (Syllogism problems in reasoning)

A. I & II does not follow

B. II & IV does not follow

C. III & IV does not follow

D. I & V does not follow

E. none of these

Solution: Option (B)

15. Statement:

Some A is not B

All B can never be Z

All Y is Z

Some Y is not L

Conclusion:

I. All L is Z is a possibility

II. Some B is not L

III. No A is not Y

IV. Some Z which are Y is not A

Options: (Syllogism problems in reasoning)

A. Either I or IV follow

B. Only IV follow

C. Only I follows

D. None follows

E. None of these

Solution: Option (C)